Canadians, like any other intending immigrants, need a valid status in order to be in the U.S., so the short answer is yes. A physician performing full time clinical work in the U.S. may choose H-1B or O-1 status for example. Locums work also necessitates a status, such as H-1B, O-1, H-2B, etc.
Perhaps your main question is whether you will need a J-1 waiver. I get this question frequently from Canadian physicians. The interesting twist is that Canadian physicians may receive H-1B status without a J-1 waiver and may satisfy the two-year home residence requirement by living in Canada for two years even while they work in the U.S. As you may imagine, this approach has limited application, because the physician would have to work close to the U.S./Canada border in order to bear the commute.
For more information, please see the article I wrote on this subject. I have included the link below.
Post by Adam Cohen on Mar 10, 2017 17:29:40 GMT -6
I would not say that her chances are impossible now. The Department of State cautions about a possible effect on the J-1 waiver, but neither I nor my colleagues have seen this in practice. Obviously, there are no guarantees, but I wouldn't say the situation is dire.
There are still several states with open programs, such as Tennessee for example. There are also a few interested government agencies with unlimited slots such as the Delta Regional Authority.
Marriage/pregnancy does not have any bearing on a Conrad waiver.
Post by Adam Cohen on Apr 28, 2016 12:16:36 GMT -6
Have you finally received the DOS recommendation? DOS usually takes 6-8 weeks to issue a recommendation. With the DOS recommendation, you can file the H-1B. As long as you file the H-1B prior to the end of your J-1 grace period, you can stay in the U.S.
Post by Adam Cohen on Mar 15, 2016 11:38:57 GMT -6
Here's an interesting immigration tidbit: Section 264(e) of the Immigration and Nationality Act states:
Every alien, eighteen years of age and over, shall at all times carry with him and have in his personal possession any certificate of alien registration or alien registration receipt card issued to him . . . [this means the actual green card, not a copy]. Any alien who fails to comply with the provisions of this subsection shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and shall upon conviction for each offense be fined not to exceed $100 or be imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both.
New Mexico policy for NIW support letters requires a NM license. A medical license is not required by federal NIW rules. This can be an issue for physicians transferring from out of state, especially for those who need to start a green card process right away (ex. little H-1B time left).
The Secretary of Homeland Security, Jeh Johnson, has announced a TPS extension for eligible nationals of Haiti. The extension is effective July 23, 2014 to January 22, 2016. The 18-month extension will also allow re-registrants to apply for a new Employment Authorization Document (EAD).
Post by Adam Cohen on Mar 25, 2014 13:15:58 GMT -6
USCIS will release a new Policy Manual—which will take the place of the Adjudicator’s Field Manual (AFM), the USCIS Immigration Policy Memoranda site, and all other policy repositories—in an effort to centralize all online policy resources. The USCIS Policy Manual will include up-to-the-minutes comprehensive policy updates, and expanded table f contents, and links to related Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) sections, as well as Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) forms and public use forms. The manual will also have a keyword search function, tables, charts, and footnotes in order to facilitate user understanding of in-depth topics.